make (something abstract) more concrete or real
a reified world of autonomous simulacra
the reifying shackles of apocalyptic discourse
Reification means "that a relation between people takes on the character of a thing and thus acquires 'phantom objectivity', an autonomy that seems so strictly rational and all-embracing as to conceal every trace of its fundamental nature: the relation between people"
citing Lukacs (History and Class Consciousness)
To account for the gap, Lukács developed the notion of reification, extending Marx’s analysis of the ‘fetishism of the commodity form’ in Capital.
from disenchantment to the ultimate reification: the making of thing into human and human into thing with the result that humanity, ultimately, is expendable
Wage-earners, businesses and states are facing the same process of reification which, being humanly untenable, will necessarily give rise to new juridical responses
having reduced the perimeter of social justice to quantitative measures, compensating in time or money for a reification of labour that is judged necessary according to the principles of the social state
on the one hand, they thematize reified features of a much more complicated social totality, and on the other, they demand functional interpretation in order to be grasped from an ideological perspective
classic Jameson speak
deconstructive remedies are in principle dereifying, as they aim to destabilize invidious status distinctions
These expectations in as sense define what the PC has become--its reified form--so that we forget that each item on the list was the outcome of a choice and that other possibilities were neglected in the process.
institutions and practices that have been reified [...] so that they seem to be constants of human existence, beyond the reach of reform through intentional human action
Capital is accumulated labor (in its materialized form or its "incorporated," embodied form) which, when appropriated on a private, i.e., exclusive, basis by agents or groups of agents, enables them to appropriate social energy in the form of reified or living labor.
Yet this was true only of the work of art’s form. Since its content inevitably reflected the reified world around it, it could provide no lasting source of redemption.
on art as a potential source of human value
Nietzsche, however, believed neither in mega-entities nor in everyday ones. He thought the very idea of there being distinct objects, such as God or gooseberries, was just a reifying effect of language.
To argue that the opinions of all people of the same ‘race’ matter equally in a specifically Western debate is to reify the Western construct of race as unerringly real.