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80

Time and Progress: Another Philosophy of History?

11
terms
1
notes

Balibar, É. (2017). Time and Progress: Another Philosophy of History?. In Balibar, É. The Philosophy of Marx. Verso, pp. 80-112

84

[...] for Marx, progress is neither modernity nor liberalism nor, even less, is it capitalism. Or, rather, ‘dialectically’, it is capitalism insofar as capitalism makes socialism inevitable and, conversely, socialism insofar as socialism resolves the contradictions of capitalism.

—p.84 by Étienne Balibar 3 years, 5 months ago

[...] for Marx, progress is neither modernity nor liberalism nor, even less, is it capitalism. Or, rather, ‘dialectically’, it is capitalism insofar as capitalism makes socialism inevitable and, conversely, socialism insofar as socialism resolves the contradictions of capitalism.

—p.84 by Étienne Balibar 3 years, 5 months ago

(adj) of lower status; (noun) an officer in the British army below the rank of captain, especially a second lieutenant

86

a fatalism by which the workers and their organizations had forged a ‘subaltern’ vision of the world for themselves

Gramsci on the 'econonism' of the Second and Third Internationals

—p.86 by Étienne Balibar
notable
3 years, 5 months ago

a fatalism by which the workers and their organizations had forged a ‘subaltern’ vision of the world for themselves

Gramsci on the 'econonism' of the Second and Third Internationals

—p.86 by Étienne Balibar
notable
3 years, 5 months ago

the philosophical attempt to describe things in terms of their apparent intrinsic purpose, directive principle, or goal, irrespective of human use or opinion

89

Above all, however, these various ways of representing history as a teleology presuppose the combination of two theses which are independent of one another

—p.89 by Étienne Balibar
notable
3 years, 5 months ago

Above all, however, these various ways of representing history as a teleology presuppose the combination of two theses which are independent of one another

—p.89 by Étienne Balibar
notable
3 years, 5 months ago

unable to be resisted or avoided; inescapable

95

This point is all the more important as Marx speaks here of necessity and even of ineluctable necessity.

—p.95 by Étienne Balibar
notable
3 years, 5 months ago

This point is all the more important as Marx speaks here of necessity and even of ineluctable necessity.

—p.95 by Étienne Balibar
notable
3 years, 5 months ago

(noun) an expression of real or pretended doubt or uncertainty especially for rhetorical effect / (noun) a logical impasse or contradiction / (noun) a radical contradiction in the import of a text or theory that is seen in deconstruction as inevitable

97

But this thoroughgoing change of perspective merely brings out all the more clearly the difficulties, if not indeed the aporias, this project of rationality encounters.

—p.97 by Étienne Balibar
notable
3 years, 5 months ago

But this thoroughgoing change of perspective merely brings out all the more clearly the difficulties, if not indeed the aporias, this project of rationality encounters.

—p.97 by Étienne Balibar
notable
3 years, 5 months ago

(noun) defense of God's goodness and omnipotence in view of the existence of evil

98

If we can today read Hegel’s work as something other than a long ‘theodicy’ (as he himself put it, taking the term from Leibniz) – i.e. a demonstration that ‘evil’ in history is always particular and relative, whereas the positive end for which it prepares the ground is universal and absolute – do we not owe this to the way in which that work has been transformed by Marx?

—p.98 by Étienne Balibar
notable
3 years, 5 months ago

If we can today read Hegel’s work as something other than a long ‘theodicy’ (as he himself put it, taking the term from Leibniz) – i.e. a demonstration that ‘evil’ in history is always particular and relative, whereas the positive end for which it prepares the ground is universal and absolute – do we not owe this to the way in which that work has been transformed by Marx?

—p.98 by Étienne Balibar
notable
3 years, 5 months ago

an act of subsuming

101

the real submission or ‘subsumption’ of labour-power: an existence for the workers which is wholly determined by the needs of capital

—p.101 by Étienne Balibar
notable
3 years, 5 months ago

the real submission or ‘subsumption’ of labour-power: an existence for the workers which is wholly determined by the needs of capital

—p.101 by Étienne Balibar
notable
3 years, 5 months ago

means effort, endeavor, impulse, inclination, tendency, undertaking striving; in early philosophies of psychology and metaphysics, is an innate inclination of a thing to continue to exist and enhance itself

102

The importance of Marx in this connection is that, no doubt for the first time since Spinoza’s conatus (‘effort’), the question of historicity (or of the ‘differential’ of the movement, instability and tension within the present which are carrying it towards its own transformation) is posed in the element of practice

—p.102 by Étienne Balibar
notable
3 years, 5 months ago

The importance of Marx in this connection is that, no doubt for the first time since Spinoza’s conatus (‘effort’), the question of historicity (or of the ‘differential’ of the movement, instability and tension within the present which are carrying it towards its own transformation) is posed in the element of practice

—p.102 by Étienne Balibar
notable
3 years, 5 months ago

an ancient religious movement that has to do with duality? "an elaborate dualistic cosmology describing the struggle between a good, spiritual world of light, and an evil, material world of darkness"

109

The collaboration of Friedrich Engels (1820–85) with Marx over forty years rules out any Manichean distinctions (e.g. between Marx the ‘good dialectician’ and Engels the ‘bad materialist’)

—p.109 by Étienne Balibar
notable
3 years, 5 months ago

The collaboration of Friedrich Engels (1820–85) with Marx over forty years rules out any Manichean distinctions (e.g. between Marx the ‘good dialectician’ and Engels the ‘bad materialist’)

—p.109 by Étienne Balibar
notable
3 years, 5 months ago

(noun) an expression of real or pretended doubt or uncertainty especially for rhetorical effect / (noun) a logical impasse or contradiction / (noun) a radical contradiction in the import of a text or theory that is seen in deconstruction as inevitable

109

However, this project remained in abeyance, partly on account of its intrinsic aporias and partly because this was not the main problem to be confronted

—p.109 by Étienne Balibar
notable
3 years, 5 months ago

However, this project remained in abeyance, partly on account of its intrinsic aporias and partly because this was not the main problem to be confronted

—p.109 by Étienne Balibar
notable
3 years, 5 months ago

(noun) a lapse in succession during which there is no person in whom a title is vested / (noun) temporary inactivity; suspension

109

However, this project remained in abeyance, partly on account of its intrinsic aporias and partly because this was not the main problem to be confronted

—p.109 by Étienne Balibar
notable
3 years, 5 months ago

However, this project remained in abeyance, partly on account of its intrinsic aporias and partly because this was not the main problem to be confronted

—p.109 by Étienne Balibar
notable
3 years, 5 months ago

(from the Greek for "to lead out") a critical explanation or interpretation of a text, particularly a religious text

111

a recent exegete regards Lenininism as a psychopathological phenomenon

—p.111 by Étienne Balibar
notable
3 years, 5 months ago

a recent exegete regards Lenininism as a psychopathological phenomenon

—p.111 by Étienne Balibar
notable
3 years, 5 months ago