the use in manufacturing industry of the methods pioneered by Henry Ford, typified by large-scale mechanized mass production
Investment stayed up for a variety of reasons [...] the political peace between big labour unions, big business, and big government (part of what gets called "Fordism") that characterized this era provided, in a broad sense, a guarantee of high wages, low industrial conflict, and high profits
The second related feature of UBI is that it transforms precarity and unemployment from a state of insecurity to a state of voluntary flexibility. It is often forgotten that the initial push for flexible labour came from workers, as a way of demolishing the constraining permanency of traditional Fordist labour.
Apart from the Bank, three types of social actors appear in the texts during this period: states and governments; companies, banks and industry; engineers, technicians and experts. This social ontology confirms the standard account of post-war reconstruction as industrial, Fordist and Keynesian.