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162

Sincerity

4
terms
3
notes

using the Sartrean concept of sincerity. the problem with the word 'authenticity' is that it implies one has a real self, which existentialism vehemently opposes (one has to create it, moment by moment). sincerity in literature as a way of being vulnerable, of trying to convey some meaning

Pieter den Dulk, A. (2014). Sincerity. In Pieter den Dulk, A. Existentialist Engagement in Wallace, Eggers and Foer: A Philosophical Analysis of Contemporary American Literature. Bloomsbury Academic, pp. 162-196

166

Now, most theorists of authenticity prefer to speak of authenticity as the product of continuous self-creation and development and not of an inherent, fixed self-essence. But if there is nothing 'inherent' about the authentic self, then the question arises as to whether we can even speak meaningfully about something--a self--that is at risk of being corrupted from the outside, in the first place. If authenticity requires the self to be fully autonomous--that is, not subject to any external influences, being completely self-determining--then that self-determination--if it is even possible--has to consist, by definition, of influences that are inherently present 'in' that self. In other words, the whole idea of an authentic self (over against the outer-directed ideal of sincerity) seems to depend on the implicit assumption of a profound, internal purity of the self that differs fundamentally from the impurity that lies outside it.

—p.166 by Allard Pieter den Dulk 4 years, 7 months ago

Now, most theorists of authenticity prefer to speak of authenticity as the product of continuous self-creation and development and not of an inherent, fixed self-essence. But if there is nothing 'inherent' about the authentic self, then the question arises as to whether we can even speak meaningfully about something--a self--that is at risk of being corrupted from the outside, in the first place. If authenticity requires the self to be fully autonomous--that is, not subject to any external influences, being completely self-determining--then that self-determination--if it is even possible--has to consist, by definition, of influences that are inherently present 'in' that self. In other words, the whole idea of an authentic self (over against the outer-directed ideal of sincerity) seems to depend on the implicit assumption of a profound, internal purity of the self that differs fundamentally from the impurity that lies outside it.

—p.166 by Allard Pieter den Dulk 4 years, 7 months ago

philosophical and metaphysical theories of divine presence in which the divine encompasses or is manifested in the material world

166

Deconstruction turns the ideal of being an autonomous, immanent self, free from external influences, against itself

—p.166 by Allard Pieter den Dulk
notable
4 years, 7 months ago

Deconstruction turns the ideal of being an autonomous, immanent self, free from external influences, against itself

—p.166 by Allard Pieter den Dulk
notable
4 years, 7 months ago

(adjective) expressing or of the nature of necessary truth or absolute certainty

172

this evidence can never present itself to me as apodictic

—p.172 by Allard Pieter den Dulk
uncertain
4 years, 7 months ago

this evidence can never present itself to me as apodictic

—p.172 by Allard Pieter den Dulk
uncertain
4 years, 7 months ago
180

[...] In Infinite Jest it is exactly this abhorrence of 'unsophisticated naïveté', this 'transcendence of sentiment' through hyperreflexivity and irony, that leads to emptiness, to 'anhedonia, death in life'. The desire to avoid naïveté at all costs is itself a form of naïveté--the 'queerly persistent U.S. myth that cynicism and naïveté are mutually exclusive'--that has catastrophic consequences for the self.

—p.180 by Allard Pieter den Dulk 4 years, 7 months ago

[...] In Infinite Jest it is exactly this abhorrence of 'unsophisticated naïveté', this 'transcendence of sentiment' through hyperreflexivity and irony, that leads to emptiness, to 'anhedonia, death in life'. The desire to avoid naïveté at all costs is itself a form of naïveté--the 'queerly persistent U.S. myth that cynicism and naïveté are mutually exclusive'--that has catastrophic consequences for the self.

—p.180 by Allard Pieter den Dulk 4 years, 7 months ago
181

[...] despite being the most empathetic character in the novel who is always perceptive of other people's pain and suffering, Mario himself does not feel pain. [...] this neurological deficit seems an unmistakable reference to Wittgenstein's question [...]: what determines the meaning of the utterance 'I am in pain'?

on how Mario's attitude connects to the philosophical perspectives studied in this book

—p.181 by Allard Pieter den Dulk 4 years, 7 months ago

[...] despite being the most empathetic character in the novel who is always perceptive of other people's pain and suffering, Mario himself does not feel pain. [...] this neurological deficit seems an unmistakable reference to Wittgenstein's question [...]: what determines the meaning of the utterance 'I am in pain'?

on how Mario's attitude connects to the philosophical perspectives studied in this book

—p.181 by Allard Pieter den Dulk 4 years, 7 months ago

a discourse between two or more people holding different points of view about a subject but wishing to establish the truth through reasoned arguments

185

not the product of dialectic but sui generis: Truth!

quoting You Shall Know Our Velocity

—p.185 by Dave Eggers
notable
4 years, 7 months ago

not the product of dialectic but sui generis: Truth!

quoting You Shall Know Our Velocity

—p.185 by Dave Eggers
notable
4 years, 7 months ago

(adjective) of, relating to, or characterized by the direction of love toward an object (as the mother) that satisfies nonsexual needs (as hunger)

192

infant dragging itself anaclitically around the map

quoting IJ 694

—p.192 missing author
unknown
4 years, 7 months ago

infant dragging itself anaclitically around the map

quoting IJ 694

—p.192 missing author
unknown
4 years, 7 months ago